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DOI: 10.47026/2499-9636-2020-2-76-88

Latypova E.Yu., Kirpichnikov D.V.

Criminal Liability for Executing Works or Providing Services in the Light of the Resolution of Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation Dated June, 25 2019 № 18 «About Court Practice on Crimes Provided by Article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation»

Keywords: executing works or rendering services, the principle of justice, formal and material components of the crime, possession for the purpose of sale and selling goods and products that do not meet the requirements for safety of consumers' life and health

The study examined a new resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, revealing the specifics of judicial practice in cases on crimes stipulated in article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation ("Production, possessing, transportation or sale of goods and products, performance of works or providing services that do not meet security requirements"). The controversial points of this Resolution are identified as well as the ways to solve them are proposed. The legal position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation establishes the need to adhere to the principle of legal equality and, among other things, unambiguity of consistency and legal norms in the construction of legal norms. But, unfortunately, these provisions are often violated by the legislator himself. Thus, when formulating the provisions of article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, there is a certain legal uncertainty, which is reflected in unstable judicial practice. In particular, the formulation of part 1 of article 238 of the Criminal Code according to the type of the formal body of the crime results in the fact that perpetrators of the acts of non-great pubic danger are charged with a criminal offence (examples of such court judgments are given in this article). From all the above, an assumption is made that it is necessary to formulate part 1 of article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation by the type of materially defined crime, indicating the need for a certain severity degree of harm or damage. There is also uncertainty about the subject matter of the crime foreseen in article 238 of the Criminal Code, in particular, due to the lack of indication to substandard work, products, goods and services. It is pointed out that there is no uniform legal interpretation of the term "substandard", which has a high degree of subjective evaluation, and can potentially lead to the possibility of judicial or expert discretion, which reduces the degree of objectivity of the decision.

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About authors

Latypova Elvira Yu.
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Criminal Law and Procedure Department, V.G. Timiryasov Kazan Innovative University (IEML), Russia, Kazan (elegys@mail.ru)
Kirpichnikov Danila V.
Student, V.G. Timiryasov Kazan Innovative University (IEML), Russia, Kazan (danila667@outlook.com)

Article link

Latypova E.Yu., Kirpichnikov D.V. Criminal Liability for Executing Works or Providing Services in the Light of the Resolution of Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation Dated June, 25 2019 № 18 «About Court Practice on Crimes Provided by Article 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation» [Electronic resource] // Oeconomia et Jus. – 2020. – №2. P. 76-88. – URL: http://oecomia-et-jus.ru/en/single/2020/2/9/. DOI: 10.47026/2499-9636-2020-2-76-88.