Issue page

Rudenko S., Repina O.

Human capital assets: sectoral approach

Keywords: human capital assets, a person in the productive power of a society, elements of human capital, political science, sociology, economics, cultural studies, psychology, biology, education science, religion, political studies, ecology

The conception that a man is both a producer and a consumer of material goods has historically developed. Therefore, the role played by him in the productive power of a society has always been the subject of research for scientists at different stages of human development. The result of many-centuries studying this issue was developing the concept of "human capital assets", which is a multifaceted concept and is examined from the perspective of different sectoral sciences. The undertaken study is an initial step in assessing the level of human capital development, as well as studying its influence on the country's economic growth, increase in its competitiveness and defensive potential. The aim of this study is a comprehensive analysis of various approaches to the content of "human capital" category available in the world theory and practice. In accordance with the study purpose, its goals are defined: to study the historical aspect in the development of scientists’ and researchers’ views on the essence of "human capital" category and its role in the productive forces of a society; to reveal the core in the definition of "human capital" category as an object of study for different branches of science; to identify the main elements that make up the essence of "human capital" category at the sectorial level. Currently, studies in the field of human capital assets become increasingly relevant, both in Russian and in the world theory and practice. However, in the scientific literature there is no consensus on what human capital assets is, what its structure is, which elements should be objectively included in its structure. The analysis of approaches to the definition of "human capital assets" category shows that this is a complex concept which is due to multifacetedness and multidimensionality of a human as a carrier, a reproducer and a source of this capital. Therefore, it is possible to reveal the essence of human capital, to specify the factors shaping it, to structure and to divide its components in elements only in the synthesis of existing approaches in various sciences. The study showed that further development of the human capital theory is possible at the intersection of different sectoral sciences.

References

  1. Binyukova I.S. Chelovek i chelovecheskii kapital v kul’ture: moral’no-pravovoi aspekt [Man and human capital in the culture: moral and legal aspect]. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchno-issledovatel’skii zhurnal [International Research Journal], 2016, no. 9(51), part 4, pp. 36–37. Available at: https://research-journal.org/culture/chelovek-i-chelovecheskij-kapital-v-kulture-moralno-pravovoj-aspekt.
  2. Bychenko Yu.G. Vazhneishii pokazatel’ chelovecheskogo kapitala [The most important indicator of human capital]. Chelovecheskie resursy, 2001, no. 3, pp. 24–32.
  3. Garifullina E.F. Sovershenstvovanie gosudarstvennoi politiki v oblasti razvitiya chelovecheskogo kapitala [Improvement of the state policy in the field of human capital development]. Aktual’nye voprosy obshchestvennykh nauk: sotsiologiya, politologiya, filosofiya, istoriya: materialy mezhdunar. zaoch. nauch.-prakt. konf. (20 fevralya 2012 g.) [Proc. of Int. Sci. Conf. «Actual problems of the social sciences: sociology, political science, philosophy, history» (20 February 2012)]. Novosibirsk, 2012, 162 p.
  4. Gafiyatova T.P. Chelovecheskii kapital v ekologicheskom izmerenii [Human capital in the environmental dimension]. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economics], 2003, no. 3-4(7-8), pp. 128–130.
  5. Dobrynin A.I., Dyatlov S.A., Tsyrenova. E.D. Chelovecheskii kapital v tranzitivnoi ekonomike: formirovanie, otsenka, effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya [Human capital in transitive economy: the formation, evaluation, efficiency]. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2005.
  6. Kapelyushnikov R.I. Zapiska ob otechestvennom chelovecheskom kapitale [Note on domestic human capital]. Preprint WP3/2008/01. Moscow, HSE Publ. House, 2008, 56 p.
  7. Korchagin Yu.A. Chelovecheskii kapital i innovatsionnaya ekonomika Rossii [Human capital and innovative Russian economy]. Voronezh, TsIRE Publ., 2012, 279 p.
  8. Kurganskii A. Chelovecheskii kapital: sushchnost’, struktura, otsenka [Human capital: the nature, structure, evaluation]. Irkutsk, 2003, 235 p.
  9. Lisitsina M.A. Chelovecheskii kapital kak faktor upravleniya i razvitiya sovremennoi korporatsii: Sotsiologicheskii aspect: avtoref. dis. … kand. Sots. nauk [Human capital as a factor in the management and development of the modern corporation: Sociological aspect. Abstract Diss.]. Krasnodar, 2005, 25 p.
  10. Organizatsiya ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva i razvitiya (OSER) i Rossiiskaya Federatsiya: ofits. sait [The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Russian Federation: the official website]. Available at: http://oecdru.org.
  11. Repina O.M., Rudenko S.A. K voprosu o razvitii nauki i innovatsionnykh tekhnologii kak elementa natsional’nosti bezopasnosti Rossii [On the question of the development of science and technology innovation as an element of national security of Russia]. Natsional”naya bezopasnost” Rossii v globalizirovannom mire: sostoyanie, vyzovy, riski i mekhanizmy ustoichivogo razvitiya: materialy Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (29-30 oktyabrya 2015 g.) [Proc. of Int. Sci. Conf. «National security of Russia in a globalized world: status, challenges, risks and mechanisms for sustainable development» (October 29-30, 2015)]. Yoshkar-Ola, Salika Publ., 2015, pp. 247–254.
  12. Forrester S.V. Sfera obrazovaniya kak sreda formirovaniya chelovecheskogo kapitala [The field of education as an environment of human capital]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Ser. Ekonomicheskie nauki [Vestnik Samara State Technical University. Series: Economics], 2014, no. 3(13), pp. 117–123.
  13. Chelovecheskii kapital v formate tsifrovoi ekonomiki: sb. dokl. Mezhdunar. nauch. konf., posvyashch. 90-letiyu S.P. Kapitsy [Proc. of Int. Sci. Conf. «Human capital in the form of the digital economy»]. Moscow, RosNOU Publ., 2018, 432 p.
  14. Kuz’minov Ya.I., Ovcharova L.N., Yakobson I., eds. Chelovecheskii kapital kak faktor sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. Kratkaya versiya doklada: dokl. k XVII aprel’skoi mezhdunar. nauch. konf. po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva [Human capital as a factor of social and economic development. The short version of the report]. Moscow, HSE Publ. House, 2016, 76 p.
  15. Efimova S., ed. Chelovecheskii kapital Krasnoyarskogo kraya: Forsait-issledovanie – 2030: analiticheskii doklad [Human capital of Krasnoyarsk Territory: Foresight study – 2030. Analytical Report]. Krasnoyarsk, Siberian Federal University Publ., 2010, 126 p.
  16. Smirnov V.T., ed., Smirnov V.T., Soshnikov I.V., Romanchin V.I., Skoblyakova V. Chelovecheskii kapital: soderzhanie i vidy, otsenka i stimulirovanie [Human capital: the content and types, evaluation and stimulation]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie-1 Publ., Orel, OrelGTU Publ., 2005, 513 p.
  17. Chelovecheskii capital – intensivnyi sotsial’no-ekonomicheskii faktor razvitiya lichnosti, ekonomiki, obshchestva i gosudarstvennosti: materialy nauch. seminara [Proc. Sci. Seminar «Human capital-intensive socio-economic factors of personality development, the economy, society and the state»]. Moscow, Voronezh, 2011. Available at: ru/data/2011/04/29/1210692190/Doklad.doc.
  18. Yur’ev A.I., Pushkina M.A., Konovalova M.A., Burikova I.S. Opyt psikhologicheskogo izmereniya chelovecheskogo kapitala [Experience psychological dimensions of human capital]. St. Petersburg, Russkii zapad Publ., 2009, 118 p.
  19. Yadgarov Ya.S., Zhuravleva G.P., Aleksandrova E.V. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya chelovecheskogo kapitala: retrospektivnyi aspect [The economic theory of human capital: a retrospective aspect]. Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal prikladnykh i fundamental’nykh issledovanii. [International Journal of Applied and Basic Research], 2016, no. 8-2, pp. 250–254.
  20. Becker G.S. Human Capital Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. N.Y., Columbia University Press, New York, London, 1975, р.252.
  21. Schultz T. Investment in Human Capital. The American Economic Review, 1961, no. 1, March, pp. 1–17.

About authors

Rudenko Svetlana
candidate of economics, management and business department associate professor, Volga State University of Technology, Russia, Yoshkar-Ola (rudencosval@mail.ru; )
Repina Olga
candidate of economics, management and business department associate professor, Volga State University of Technology, Russia, Yoshkar-Ola (repinaom@yandex.ru; )

Article link

Rudenko S., Repina O. Human capital assets: sectoral approach [Electronic resource] // Oeconomia et Jus. – 2019. – №1. P. 22-34. – URL: http://oecomia-et-jus.ru/en/single/2019/1/4/.