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DOI: 10.47026/2499-9636-2022-2-52-60

Aleksandrova N.V., Ivanov N.V.

The Legal Nature of Electronic Evidence in Civil Proceedings in the Context of Digitalization

Keywords: electronic evidence, Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, judicial practice, electronic document management, proof and evidence, court, information

The relevance of the article is due to the fact that in civil proceedings, electronic evidence can be considered the most popular method of obtaining evidence to date. However, in law enforcement practice, there are many gaps in the formation of the institution of electronic evidence. The advantage of electronic evidence in civil proceedings is quite obvious, which makes it necessary to take a different look at this type of evidence. The courts, certainly, strive to respect the interests of the parties when considering cases on the basis of competition and equality of the parties, but the study of judicial practice shows that the presence of electronic evidence stands out against the other evidence and acquires a special status that requires research, detailed legislative development and procedural regulation. At the same time, it should be noted that there has been insufficient research on this topic in the scientific and procedural doctrine; in this connection, the opinions of researchers and their assessment are given. The purpose of the article is to determine the legal nature of electronic evidence in civil proceedings, especially in the context of the development of digitalization and electronic information technologies. The procedural legal, formal legal, logical, dialectical and other methods of scientific research make up the methodological basis. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the legal nature of electronic evidence is closely related to modern technical means, and the position on the need to consolidate procedural measures, the use of information and communication tools to provide civil proceedings in the modern judicial system is also justified.


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About authors

Aleksandrova Nadezhda V.
Candidate of Law Sciences, Associate Professor of Civil and Legal Disciplines Department, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (; ORCID:
Ivanov Nikolay V.
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Legal Disciplines, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (; ORCID:

Article link

Aleksandrova N.V., Ivanov N.V. The Legal Nature of Electronic Evidence in Civil Proceedings in the Context of Digitalization [Electronic resource] // Oeconomia et Jus. – 2022. – №2. P. 52-60. – URL: DOI: 10.47026/2499-9636-2022-2-52-60.